Rosacea is a skin condition that affects millions of men and women throughout the world. For many years little was known about rosacea and was originally thought to be a form of acne and given the name ‘acne rosacea’. It’s only now, years later, that research has shown that it is not a form of acne whatsoever.
Rosacea is a progressive vascular disorder which has 4 very strong characteristics: reddening of the skin or a blushing effect, red bumps (papules), red skin blemished with white heads (pustules) and dilated blood vessels on the face (telangiectasia).
These characteristics usually affect the face only, but in rare cases can affect the neck chest and scalp. In men, if the condition becomes severe it can progress into a condition called Phymatous rosacea where the skin thickens in the nose and swells and becomes bulbous (rhinophyma).
It affects all ethnicity's but more often in Caucasians of European descent. This led to the nickname “The curse of the Celts” by people from UK and Ireland. It mainly affects women but is often presents more severe cases in men.
Although there is no known cause of rosacea, there are many well-known factors which can trigger a flare up, these include:
Acidic fruit and vegetable’s
Sun exposure/UV exposure
Cosmetic products (these often contain ingredients which flare up rosacea, so it is important to scrutinise what you are using and avoid using products with ingredients like SD Alcohol, Menthol, Peppermint, Hydroxy Acids, Artificial Fragrance, Soap).
There are many other triggers that can cause rosacea to flare up, however the condition is highly individual with triggers greatly differing from person to person.
Most people who experience rosacea only have mild symptoms and are never formally diagnosed with the condition.
Rosacea impacts people in different ways and can cause embarrassment, unhappiness, low self-esteem and withdrawal from social relationships. Whilst we may suspect our clients to have rosacea, a formal diagnosis needs to be made by a GP or dermatologist.
There is no known cure for rosacea but there are many options to treat rosacea and improve it.
Firstly, keep a ‘blushing daily diary’ and note down the foods and drinks consumed that day, activities undertaken and the times when the blushing and reddening becomes more apparent. Cross-reference the days the blushing/redness has occurred with the foods and activities on those days to narrow down potential causes and triggers. It is only once the triggers have been identified that reduction or limitation of such can start.
For example, if red wine has been consumed on every day the blushing occurred then it is highly likely this is one of the triggers, the client must decide whether drinking red wine is worth experiencing the redness.
As skin therapists, we can offer facial treatments to calm and cool the skin with anti- inflammatory products. We can include the use of galvanic current which will cause the blood vessels to close up (vaso-constriction). The use of cold marble stones in the treatment can be hugely beneficial as the coldness calms the skin instantly and can reduce redness.
Products to use on a rosacea-type skin include:
Ultra Soothing Cleanser
Calming Face Massage Oil
Calming Aromatic Serum
Pigment response Serum
Ultra Soothing Toner
Ultra Soothing Moisture Cream C+Bright Priming Moisturiser
Rosacea can be a terrible condition for the many people that have to endure and suffer with it. But, by identifying the potential causes for the flare ups and using the correct products to care for the skin, it can be greatly reduced.